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2021成考大学英语冲刺练习题(附答案)

2021-09-16 11:01http://www.hneeeb.com作者: 来源:

一、语音知识(本题共1-5小题,每题1分,满分5分。)

1.

Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A. meat

B. leap

C. ahead

D. speak

2.

2. A. snatch

B. catch

C. match

D. watch

3.

3. A. cost

B. hope

C. lost

D. mop

4.

4. A. blood

B. book

C. look

D. good

5.

5. A. drought

B. thought

C. ought

D. fought

二、词汇与语法知识(本题共6-20小题,每题1分,满分15分。)

6.

Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6. I ______ my work by this time yesterday evening.

A. did

B. would do

C. had done

7.

7. He ______back and he left a note for you.

A. came

B. has been

C. will be

D. is being

8.

8. It ______ nearly every, day here this mouth.

A. rains

B. is raining

C. has rained

D. has been rained

9.

9. Mary ______ in bed all day because she had a fever.

A. lay

B. has laid

C. has lain

D. laid

10.

10. Would you mind ______ alone at home tonight, Tom?

A. leaving

B. being left

C. to leave

D. to be left

11.

11. Some warm-blooded animals ______ hibernate.

A. need not

B. does not need

C. not need

D. do not need

12.

12. Welcome to my birthday party, but you needn't ______ any present.

A. bring

B. bringing

C. brought

D. have brought

13.

13. I should ______ him up to tell him the information.

A. call

B. calling

C. called

D. have called

14.

14. He ______ a cold last week.

A. had caught

B. caught

C. has caught

D. has had

15.

15. ______ he come, what you say to him?

A. If, will

B. Should, would

C. When, would

D. Would, do

16.

16. Why hasn't he come? ______on time, we will have to put off the trip.

A. If he doesn't come

B. If he won't come

C. If he shouldn't come

D. If he hadn't come

17.

17. She sat there with nothing ______ except play with her cat.

A. to do

B. doing

C. done

D. to be done

18.

18. I haven't seen him for quite a long time, but his parents ______ him sometimes.

A. still saw

B. still see

C. have still seen

D. has still seen

19.

19. Tell me since when he ______ in your school.

A. taught

B. has taught

C. teaches

D. had taught

20.

20. When we ______ the museum is not decided.

A. visited

B. visit

C. will visit

D. visiting

三、完形填空(本题共21-35小题,每题2分,满分30分。)

21.

Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Times have changed and the ideas of the young and the old about the same thing are often ill contra diction. For example, parents and teenagers often disagree about the amount of freedom and responsibility that young people (21) to have. The teenager is more independent and often wants to be (22) to choose his own friends, select his own courses in school, plan for his own vocational (23) , and earn and spend his own money, and generally (24) his own life in a more independent (25) than many parents are able to (26) .

Most problems (27) teenagers and their parents yield to (导致) (28) planning and decision making. Within ally particular family, (29) are avoided and problems are solved when all of the persons take (30) in the situation, and (31) in working it out. (32) parents and young people learn how to get (33) well with each other and develop skills in understanding and (34) understood, even (35) most difficult problems are relieved and a situation might appear that teenagers and their parents can some times see eye to eye.

21. A. is

B. should

C. will

D. are

22.

22. A. free

B. likely

C. able

D. curious

23.

23. A. school

B. chance

C. future

D. result

24.

24. A. aim

B. live

C. charge

D. sere

25.

25. A. fashion

B. characters

C. personality

D. characteristics

26.

26. A. supply

B. afford

C. award

D. allow

27.

27. A. between

B. among

C. of

D. in

28.

28. A. join

B. together

C. individual

D. joint

29.

29. A. disagreements

B. disadvantages

C. displays

D. discussions

30.

30. A. pride

B. interest

C. look

D. care

31.

31. A. believe

B. focus

C. keep

D. share

32.

32. A. Furthermore

B. Or

C. Hence

D. However

33.

33. A. along

B. through

C. down

D. up

34.

34. A. if

B. when

C. being

D. also

35.

35. A. very

B. terrible

C. the

D. some

四、阅读理解(本题共36-55小题,每题2分,满分40分。)

36.

IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Wild and farm birds often get a flu virus. Yet they usually are able to carry the virus without getting sick.

In 1997 six people indied of a different kind of bird flu virus. It is called the h-five-n-one virus. Thegovernment quickly ordered the killing of all farm birds there. That stopped the spread of h-five-n-one to people in.

Yet the virus bad already spread to other parts of. It was found in 16 countries between 2003 and 2006.

The h-five-n-one virus first appeared in. This raised many concerns about the spread of the disease. Scientists do not know exactly how bird flu came to. At first, they thought wild birds were to blame. Now, officials with the U. N. Food and Agriculture Organization believe the main cause is trade in farm birds.

The bird flu virus is found in the waste and liquids of infected birds. The virus spreads when healthy birds or people touch sick birds or nay infected (被感染了的) part of sick birds. Right now, the virus is not spreading among person to person. But the virus could change and start spreading among people. Health officials believe that it is even more possible now that bird flu has spread in, and that is why international organizations are working so hard to stop its spread.

The best way to stop the spread of bird flu is to kill all the chickens in an area where bird flu has been discovered. More than 145 000 chickens have been killed insince bird fin was first found one year ago.

36. The passage focuses on ______.

A. wild and farm birds

B. a fin virus

C. bird flu

D. infected birds

37.

37. H-live-n-one virus in the passage means ______.

A. farm birds

B. infected farm animals

C. people died in

D. a different kind of bird flu virus

38.

38. Some officials believe bird flu spread tomainly due to ______.

A. the trade of farm birds

B. the waste and liquids of infected birds

C. the fact that sortie people touched sick birds or any infected part of sick birds

D. the virus changed and started spreading in some new forms

39.

39. The best solution to the problem of the spread of bird flu is ______.

A. to kill all the birds in an area where bird flu has been discovered

B. to kill all the chickens

C. to kill all the birds

D. to kill all the chickens when bird flu has been discovered

40.

Passage Two

When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are.

People who are nearsighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Everything else is not so clear. Many people who do a lot of close work, such as writing, reading and sewing, become near sighted. Then they have to wear glasses in order to see distant (远处的) things clearly'.

People who are nearsighted suffer from just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it at arm's length. If they want to do much reading, they must get glasses, too.

Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. They have what is called astigmatism (散光). This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people's eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them.

Having two good eyes is important for judging distances. Each eye sees things from a slightly different angle (角度). To prove this to yourself, look at an object out of one eye; then look at the same object out

of the other eye. You will find the object's relation to the background (背景) and other things around it has changed. The difference between these two different eye views helps us to judge how far away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distance as people with two eyes.

40. We should take good care of our eyes ______.

A. only when we cannot see perfectly

B. only when we can see well

C. even if we can see well

D. only when we realize how important our eyes are

41.

41. When things far away seem indistinct, one is probably ______.

A. near-sighted

B. far-sighted

C. astigmatic

D. suffering front cataracts

42.

42. Having two eyes, instead of one, is particularly useful for ______.

A. seeing at night

B. seeing objects far away

C. looking over a wide area

D. judging distances

43.

43. People who suffer from astigmatism

A. have a curable disease in their eyes

B. have eyes that are not exactly the right shape

C. have a difficulty that can be corrected by an operation

D. have an eye difficulty that cannot be corrected by glasses

44.

Passage Three

Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something.

His purpose is settled and decided. He knows what he wants and he just finds it and buys it, but cares little about the price. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it, the salesman quickly takes it out, and the business of trying it on follows at once. If all is well, the deal(买卖) can be and is often completed in less than five minutes, with hard any chat and to everyone's satisfaction.

For a man, small problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman tries to sell the customer something else—he offers the nearest he can to the thing asked for. He would say, "I know this jacket is not the style. you want, Sir, but would you like to try it on for size? It happens to be the color you mentioned." Few men have patience (耐心 ) with this treatment, and the usual answer is, "This is the right color and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on."

Now how does a woman go about buying clothes? In almost every respect (方面) she does so quite differently. Her shopping is not often based on need. She has never fully made up her mind about what she wants, and she is only "having a look around". She is always open to what the salesman tells her, even to what her friends tell her. She will try on any number of things. What is most important in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Besides, most women have an excellent sense of value when they boy clothes. The), are always ready for the unexpected bargain (便宜货). Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one counter to another before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It takes time, but surely it is enjoyable to women shoppers. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

44. When a man is buying clothes, ______.

A. he buys cheap things and does not care about the quality

B. he chooses things that others recommend

C. he does not mind how much he has to pay for the right things

D. he buys good quality things, so long as they are not too expensive

45.

45. What does the passage tell us about women shoppers for clothes?

A. They welcome suggestions from anyone.

B. They rarely consider buying cheap clothes.

C. They often buy things without giving the matter proper thought.

D. They listen to advice but never take it.

46.

46. In most cases women shoppers arc supposed to ______.

A. waste money on goods of poor quality

B. buy only the best clothes

C. be much more careful than men

D. think of the price of clothes and nothing else

47.

47. What is the most obvious difference between men and women shoppers?

A. The fact that men do not try clothes on in a shop.

B. Women bargain (讨价还价) for their clothes, but men do not.

C. Women stand in a shop, but men sit down.

D. The time they take to buy clothes.

48.

Passage Four

Three women who secretly buried an 80-year-old woman were put into prison atyester day. Two of them, including the dead woman's daughter, kept on collecting her pension (退休金) after her death until their secret was made known to others two years later. The court (法庭) heard that one of the women put on "an Oscar (奥斯卡金奖)—winning performance" by pretending to be the old woman asleep in bed when a social worker called five mouths after Mrs. Townsend's death.

48. Of the three women that buried Mrs. Townsend secretly, one was ______.

A. her neighbor

B. her nurse

C. a social worker

D. her daughter

49.

49. The reason for the old woman's secret burial was that the three women ______.

A. were too sad to let the public know it

B. had no money to arrange for a public funeral

C. wanted to collect the old woman's pension D. were afraid that they might be put into prison

50.

50. The three women were put into prison because ______.

A. they broke the law

B. they buried the old woman

C. they shared the old woman's money

D. they killed the old woman

51.

51. One of the women had pretended to be the old woman asleep in bed.

A. A government official told the news.

B. A social worker told the news.

C. Mr. Townsend called five months later.

D. The old women won an Oscar Prize for her excellent performance.

52.

Passage Five

Hollywood (好莱坞) is a suburb of the city of Los Angeles (洛杉矶) in California. Until 1908 it was no more than a quiet village on the northern side of the city, but in that year William Selig, one of the first people to make films, set up a film-producing workshop (车间) in Los Angeles. By 1911 , David and William Horsely had set up another one in, and at about the same time oil was discovered in the neighborhood. Thusquickly became a big district given over to the film industry and to oil wells

The early makers of films found Hollywood a good place for their work because of its clear, sunny, rain-free weather, which allowed pictures to be taken all the year round. Also, it was known that every kind of scene needed for films, whether town, country, sea, desert or snow-capped mountains, could be found within the area of. Today, when most films can be "shot" (拍摄) under cover by man made lighting, these advantages (优点) are not so important.

In spite of a drop in its importance,remains a center of film production although now making more films for television than for the cinema.

52. David and William Horsely ______.

A. were the first to set up a film-producing workshop in

B. discovered oil in and around

C. followed William Selig toand settled down there

D. turnedinto a film producing center of the country

53.

53. In the past, films were mostly taken ______.

A. in a workshop

B. in the open

C. along the seaside

D. in the studio

54.

54. Films could be taken all the year round inbecause ______.

A. of tile fine weather and varied scenery (景色) there

B. there were snow-capped mountains and the sea

C. oil was discovered in

D. it was in the suburbs

55.

55. Today in______.

A. more television films are produced

B. man-made fighting has completely taken the place of natural light

C. few films are taken for the cinema

D. oil production has become more important than the film industry

五、实例对话

五、补全对话(本题共56-60小题,每题2分,满分10分。)

56.

Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (15 points)

Directions: Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A. I know he won't.

B. I will if I have time.

C. I didn't know he is iii.

D. I have seen it twice.

E. That's too early.

F. I didn't see it.

G. Easier said than done.

H. I don't think you have the chance.

56. Joe: Do you think Mr. Smith will change his mind?

Pat: ______

57.

57. Cindy: if you don't like where you're living, why don't just move?

Joe: ______

58.

58. Pat: Will you go to the meeting?

Ann: ______

59.

59. Bob: If I win the lottery, Fm going to buy a big house.

Mary: ______

60.

60. John: Let's go fishing tomorrow. I'll wake you up ata. m.

Rose: ______

六、书面表达(50分)

61.

Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a letter of 100—120

words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.

61.你是刘吉,工作是办公室职员,写封信给一位俱乐部的经理,内容包括:

(1)最近很容易感到疲劳。工作十分紧张(如接待来访者、为总经理起草报告、归档各类文件);

(2)希望成为该俱乐部的一员,参加那里的活动;

(3)你的嗜好和兴趣(如读书、唱歌、烹饪);

(4)希望他能给你提供更多的信息(如加入俱乐部的费用、俱乐部的一般活动时间和活动内容)。

注:以上试题由学梯网小编通过网络进行整理,仅供各位考生参考。


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